Kyoto is just not enough
Indonesia is a good sample of how the global warming had giving a concrete treats the livehood of the people. Amidst of the unstoppable national economic crisis, serial disasters, such floods, droughts, landslides, hurricane, increasing sea level, etc in the last few years showed how the environmental degradation also had pushed a social destruction. As well as in economic, the Yudhoyono administrator also failed to address the significant effort to protect the people – especially the poorest and most vulnerable – and reduce impact of disasters.
Kyoto Protocol had been signed 10 years ago. Since then, it becomes the high-profile schemes for concerted action and co-operation to combat global warming. A 180 cm height-100 cm width cake with ten candles provided in BICC to symbolize the ten annual anniversaries in Tuesday, (12/11/2007).
Yet the problem has not been stemmed or much less reversed, indeed it has worsened as the limited targets and timelines set by the Kyoto Protocol have made no headway in reducing global emissions.
Now, the planet is experiencing a climate crisis of catastrophic proportions. Global temperatures have increased twice as fast in the last 50 years as over the last century and will rise even faster in the coming decades. Eleven of the last twelve years (1995-2006) are among the 12 warmest years on record. This is disrupting weather patterns, severely damaging the environment, and destroying lives and livelihoods – especially of the poorest and most vulnerable.
Instead the arrogance of the big-transnational corporation and developed industrial countries, it also caused by the failness of the Kyoto Protocol in order to bring the people’s voices on the climate change issue. The Kyoto did not sufficiently give the opportunities for the people especially those whom become the victim of the worst impact of climate change to raise their view on how the planet can be saved from the global warming treats.
The Kyoto Protocol does not truly involve grassroots communities and peoples who are worst-affected, especially in the South. It has grossly neglected the severe damage to their livelihoods, well-being and welfare. It does not consistently and coherently adhere to the vital developmental principles, especially people’s sovereignty over natural resources.
People recognize that the Kyoto process has not allowed sufficient voice for the concerns of those communities in the global south which will suffer the worst impacts of climate change. It also has to date failed to have a significant impact on reducing global emissions. Kyoto does not currently provide for sufficient binding targets or measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in line with the 2 degree target prescribed by the science as necessary to avoid runaway global warming.
In order to prevent or mitigated disaster that cause by extreme climate change, the Kyoto has not provided a mechanism to facilitate the transfer of compensatory adaptation financing of the scale required by communities in the global south to prevent further impoverishment due to the adverse ways in which they are, and will increasingly be impacted by global warming. Also, Kyoto does not provide sufficient mechanisms to ensure that efforts to combat global warming will not have a disproportionate negative impact on countries and communities in the global south.
Other important things from Kyoto is, continues to promote market-based solutions to climate change which prioritize growth and profits above the needs of the planet and its people; and to this end does not address the necessity of bringing about genuine people’s sovereignty over natural resources which must be fundamental to the process of preventing runaway climate change.
The climate change issue should not be considered as only the environmental issue. In fact, the issue of climate change has a strong connection with other social issue. Climate change issue is a symptom of the other big issue; like human right, democracy, economical justice, and the sovereignty of the people.
It not only about the increasing of the global temperature that caused by the accumulation of the greenhouse gas on the atmosphere or other ‘technical’ issue, but also caused by the accumulation of the human right violation in all level of the human society and the plundering of the natural resources to serve the growth of the super-profit of the big-transnational corporation and only benefits for the developed country.
Therefore, the 2007 international human right day, become very special, it not only become an annual commemoration of the people of the world to uphold the human rights, but also it happen when people around the world put their eyes and hopes of the future of humanity to the COP-13 UNFCCC conference in Bali.
On behalf of humanity, the COP-13 UNFCCC in Bali should be the momentum to push harder all effort to decrease the greenhouse gas emission as the treats of global warming as the main mandate in order to respect human right of the people, especially poor and marginalized people from South.
But, as other international or multilateral event, the COP-13 of UNFCCC in Bali had never independent and also been hijacked by the big-transnational corporation agenda and only served the chauvinist interest of the developed country to avoid their responsibility to decrease their greenhouse gas emission as the main-agenda to safe the future of humanity and the planet. People’s agenda had been marginalized and challenged. International negotiation on saving the human and planet had been shifted into some business meeting.
By using some mechanism, such REDD, carbon-trading, biofuel, or transfer-technology, big-transnational Corporation and developed-industrialized country had also transferred and step away from their responsibility in reducing the greenhouse gas emission to shoulder of the poor people and marginalized communities in the global south. That’s in the end will only increasing the global warming and violation of human right of the people and communities.
In light of these crucial failings of the current international efforts to address climate change, a People’s Protocol on Climate Change is needed to develop. The protocol is significantly needed with the purpose of providing the space for those peoples who will be worst impacted by climate change and yet to date have been excluded from the Kyoto process to voice their views on the current efforts to combat global warming. It also needed to highlight the key issues which must be meaningfully addressed in international efforts to confront the climate crisis.
This proposed protocol was not meant to be the opposite of the Kyoto Protocol but recognize that the Kyoto Protocol failed in offering a sustainable solution to climate change and does not allow sufficient voice from the marginalized sectors who are the most affected by climate change.###
Bali, December 12, 2007